Moeletsi Mbeki is a political economist and the deputy chairman of the South African Institute of International Affairs, an independent think tank based at the University of the Witwatersrand. He is the younger brother of former President Thabo Mbeki and son of ANC leader Govan Mbeki. He has been called President Mbeki's most strident critic.
Moeletsi Mbeki has a strong background in journalism, with a resume that includes a Nieman Fellowship and time at the BBC. He often acts as a political commentator in South Africa, and is the author a paper titled Perpetuating Poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa, published on 30 June 2005 by International Policy Network. He was a media consultant for the ANC in the '90s, and is currently the chairman of Endemol South Africa, a TV production house, and KMM Review Publishing and Africa. He has also been director of Comazar, which rehabilitates and grants concessions to railway networks in Africa.
In 2006 it was revealed by John Perlman that the SABC had blacklisted a lot of political commentators and that Moeletsi was one of them, possible due to his political views. Moeletsi generated some controversy when he said that Africa was governed better under colonial rule than today. (see October 2007 in rail transport). In October 2006 Moeletsi Mbeki applied for an order to have Jonathan Moyo jailed the next time he visits South Africa. He has been known to oppose certain Black Economic Empowerment (BEE) deals in South Africa and has written articles for the Cato Institute, a USA-based libertarian think tank.